OCD Treatment; Step by step guide 


Treatable OCD Depends on severity.

Psychotherapy and medicine are treatments. Psychological counseling helps address anxieties and obsessions without compulsions. Antidepressants balance brain chemistry.

Psychotherapy and medicine are major treatments.

Psychological treatment helps you face your anxiety and obsessive thoughts without compulsions. Antidepressants can aid by balancing brain chemicals.

Short-term therapy is usually suggested for mild OCD. Severe OCD may require extended therapy and/or drugs. These therapies can be beneficial, but it may take months to see the effects. 

What is OCD?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy uses ERP and cognitive therapy to change behavior and thoughts. OCD-trained CBTs conduct CBT.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental illness that produces persistent unpleasant thoughts or sensations (obsessions) or the impulse to do something over and over (compulsions). Some have obsessions and compulsions.

OCD isn’t nail-biting or negative thinking. “Good” or “bad” numbers or colors exist. After touching something dirty, compulsively wash hands seven times. Even if you want to quit, you can’t.

Everyone repeats habits or thoughts. OCD sufferers:

  • Take up at least an hour a day
  • Can’t control
  • can’t be fun
  • Interfere with employment, social life, etc.

OCD Symptoms

Most OCD instances fall into one of four groups.

Locks, alarms, ovens, light switches, or thinking you have pregnancy or schizophrenia

Contamination, fear of filth, cleaning compulsively. Mental contamination is feeling dirty.

Psychological treatment:

Exposure therapy:

ERP is the preferred OCD treatment. In ERP therapy, people with OCD are gradually exposed to their obsessions and asked to stop their compulsions. Your therapist shouldn’t force you to do anything.

The first step is to describe all of your obsessions and compulsions. Then you and the therapist will order them from least to most frightening. The therapist will ask you to address your fears, starting with the easiest. Say you have a mild fear of germs in public areas. Your therapist will devise an activity that exposes you to that fear. Touching a public doorknob maybe your task. The first is response prevention. The therapist will ask you to wait if you regularly wash your hands after touching a doorknob. The therapist will have you wait longer between handwashing. Progressive exposure and delayed response help reduce germ phobia without washing hands.

This new technique of tackling worries openly will reduce germ fears and obsessions. Your brain learns that stopping rituals isn’t terrible.

When you first touch the doorknob, you may feel upset or panicked. The body has a great habituation ability , therefore anxiety will reduce with time. Like jumping into cold water. Jumping into cold water can be uncomfortable. Your body adapts to the cold with time, and you feel alright.

When your therapist helps you with exposure over time, your anxiety fades. Cognitive therapy can help you acquire confidence and handle compulsions.

Imaginal Exposure:

Imaginal exposure (IE), sometimes called visualization, can help persons who are reluctant to leap into actual world circumstances. The therapist visualizes a routine occurrence to evoke fear. For someone who worries about deviating from their “ideal” hallway pattern, the therapist may have them imagine doing so for several minutes a day and record their anxiety level. As individuals habituate to the discomfort, with reduced anxiety, they become desensitized to the feared circumstance, making them more willing to extend the procedure to real life and engage in ERP.

Habit-Reversal Training:

Awareness training, a competitive reaction, social support, positive reinforcement, and relaxation techniques are used. Awareness training may involve practicing the habit or tic in front of a mirror, focusing on bodily sensations and muscles before and during the behavior, and noticing and recording when it occurs. These strategies raise awareness of when and how cravings occur, making it easier to intervene.

Individuals and therapists work together to find a similar but less obvious movement or tic. A person with a vocal tic who is aware of the rising urge might tense the muscles surrounding their cheeks and mouth to prevent the tic. Someone with a compulsion to touch items symmetrically may be told to stiffen the opposite arm, stopping them from completing the ritual.

This treatment requires time, practice, patience, and relaxation abilities. Family support and good reinforcement are also crucial.

Behavioral Therapy:

Cognitive therapy helps OCD patients understand their brain’s erroneous messages. Your therapist will help you notice and respond to these messages to regulate your obsessions and compulsions. Cognitive therapy addresses misinterpreted experiences. If a friend passes you without saying hello, you might think she doesn’t like you. You may think your idea is important.

Cognitive treatment focuses on negative thinking in OCD. Some believe that thoughts are always essential, while others reject them as foolish. Instead of being able to erase negative thoughts, their beliefs force them to react differently and make them think “I’m an awful person for having such thinking!” According to research, thinking negative thoughts are essential, and trying not to have them has the opposite effect.


Medication. OCD is often treated with antidepressants. Antidepressants cure OCD, not necessarily depression. Depending on your age, health, and symptoms, your doctor may prescribe clomipramine (Anafranil), fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), or another antidepressant.

OCD medicines can take months to work. Dry mouth, nausea, and suicidal thoughts are side effects.

Schedule your medication. Ask your best psychiatrist in Lahore or your nearby concerning psychiatrist how to taper off safely if you don’t like the side effects or feel better. Missing medicines or stopping cold turkey can cause negative effects or relapse.

Studies. You could join dubious therapy studies.

Deep brain stimulation implants electrodes in the brain.

Electrodes on your head cause seizures, which release serotonin from your brain.

OCD treatment aims to retrain your brain and reduce medication needs. Physically, eat well, exercise, and get enough sleep. 

Emotional support matters:

 Encourage yourself with family, friends, and Obsessive-compulsive disorder people.

Can OCD affect relationships?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms might hinder forming and maintaining romantic relationships. Indeed, many people with OCD are single, and those in relationships often experience relationship stress.


Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) causes unwanted, repeated thoughts or sensations (obsessions) (compulsions). Psychotherapy and medication are the basic OCD treatments. Cognitive therapy helps with confidence and compulsions. As people become accustomed to discomfort, they become desensitized to fearful situations. These tactics make it easier to intervene when cravings develop.

Some OCD sufferers assume negative thoughts are always unpleasant, but evidence reveals otherwise. Medication and counseling don’t always work; try deep brain stimulation and head electrodes to reset the brain’s chemistry.


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